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    佛顶宫

    项目分类:文旅项目 > 其他

    业主单位:南京牛首山文化旅游发展有限公司


    设计单位:华东建筑设计研究院有限公司


    项目规模:  136,000 平方米
    建筑面积:136,000平方米
    景观面积:18,652平方米
    建成时间:2015年10月主体建成
    设计周期:2011年-2015年
    主创设计师:李威

    Owner:Nanjing NIUSHOUSHAN Cultural Tourism Development Co. Ltd.


    Design Consultant:East China Architectural Design & Research Institute Limited


    Project Scale: 136,000 ㎡
    Floor Area:136,000 ㎡
    Landscape Area:18,652㎡
    Date of Completion:2015.10 (The main part is built)
    Cycle of Design:2011-2015
    Chief Designer:Wei Li

    文化语境:南京牛首山曾在历史上是牛头宗的发源地,从金陵梵刹图就能够看出牛首山最辉煌的时候,山上遍布寺庙。又因现存的牛首山西峰缺少一角,形成了残破的自然景象。


    因佛教界圣物——佛顶骨舍利将要迎请供奉至南京牛首山,应业主要求,设计佛顶骨舍利藏宫,于牛首山东峰西峰之间,名曰佛顶宫,包含卧佛宫、舍利宫、博物馆、禅会议、餐饮、商业等功能
    设计策略:景区建设核心包括补天阙、藏地宫、修圣道、现双塔、兴佛寺、弘文化,依次代表修复山体生态,恢复牛首双阙;利用天然矿坑建佛顶宫,长期安奉佛骨舍利;扩建原有隧道,感悟八相成道,体验成佛之路;兴建佛顶塔,重现历史双塔格局;弘五叶禅院,感悟人间山水禅意。
    建造技术/结构系统:建筑以钢筋混凝土框架剪力墙结构为主体,铝合金空间网壳为大穹顶、小穹顶的主要结构系统,以完成室内和广场的超大跨度神圣空间。
    建筑特点:小穹顶的形式来源于印度早期佛教的经典建筑:萃堵波,也是早起佛塔和佛教纪念性建筑的主要造型。同时,穹顶空间也很普遍的运用在宗教文化建筑中,其形式十分擅长营造恢弘、巨大、神圣的空间感受。
    其整个结构采用了铝合金框架结构,既轻巧又易于维护,最后实现的效果看上去也是非常通透的,极具现代感。

    Background
    Niushou Mountain is the birthplace of Niutou Culture in the history. The JinLing Buddhism Temple drawing shows us that during the most prosperous time of Niushou Mountain, it was crowded with temples.Because of the losing west peak of the existing NiuShou Mountain. It created a wrecked natural view.
    Design concept
    The core of scenic area construction is as follows: fixing the heavenly peaks, meaning restoring mountain massif and recovering twin peaks; building underground palace, meaning making use of the natural pit to build Usnisa Palace for enshrining Usnisa; renovating the sacred road, meaning expanding original tunnel for exhibiting Sakyamuni’s life story and understanding the way to become Buddha; revealing twin pagodas, meaning constructing Usnisa Pagoda and reproducing the grand pattern of twin pagodas; spreading five levels of Chan(Zen Buddhism) and understanding the atmosphere of Chan in rivers and mountains.
    Culture
    Building underground Buddhist palace under the two peaks and displaying Buddhism and Chan culture in Niushou Mountain.
    Fuction
    Providing a secured and suitable environment for storage of Usnia.
    Constructing Usnisa Worshipping Palace for long-term enshrinement of Usnisa.
    Museum, cafeteria, conference center and other sections.



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